Information about technology-based products developed for, and used by those living in poverty, is often scarce, disparate or inaccurate. These information gaps have had a number of consequences including (but not limited to): preventing transfer of best practices and lessons learned (i.e. re-invention of the wheel), lack of consistency by which to assess product performance and scalability, ineffective implementation of solutions, and lack of transparency and accountability for poor quality or unsafe products entering the market.
Our long-term goal is to catalyze the global development marketplace to produce higher quality, fit-for-service solutions that meet the immediate needs of underserved communities. To do this, we need to:
Influence the marketplace to think in a more standard/compliant way
Drive sector transparency and accountability
Expedite the product design-delivery cycle by cataloguing prior-art
Engage the community of product development stakeholders to develop tools and platforms for knowledge sharing and decision-making
What is the Solutions Library?
The E4C Solutions Library is a living database of products and services that are accessible and appropriate for those living in poverty. The data in the Solutions Library is curated technical and market performance information that is normalized across all products, enabling side-by-side comparison and analysis of market influences. This catalog serves to document progress of solutions and enable data-driven decision making by:
Engineers and Designers seeking a neutral resource for product prior-art, understand market trends, evaluation methods, standards and comparison
Manufacturers seeking endorsement on product performance, quality and distribution
While our target audience is primarily engineers, designers and manufacturers, we believe there will be a number of beneficiaries of the information presented in this platform, including implementers of technology seeking to distribute fit-for-service products and understanding user experiences.
The data presented in the Solutions Library is aggregated across a variety of sources, includes partner-submissions and crowd-sourced information including:
Using the Solutions Library
Convenient browsing of products is available via global search or user-friendly filtering by technology category, target geographic regions, market suggested retail price and distribution to date. Product reports provide detailed product information and include references and downloadable materials. If you have experience with a product, you can share your insights in the comments. Have a product you’d like to see in the solutions library? Just click contribute.
Comparing multiple products made easy. Side by side analysis of products is possible with normalized data across a standard set of parameters. Comparisons are reviewed by experts to ensure technical accuracy with a development perspective. Performance data specifies which data points are manufacturer claims or results of testing by third-parties or manufacturer labs.
E4C’s Solutions Library Program convenes a community of stakeholders to engage in participatory design and development of the Solutions Library platform to serve as a decision aid tool for designers, manufacturers and implementers of technology based solutions for underserved communities. E4C’s process consists of four phases, supported by the stakeholders shown below.
Solutions Library inclusion
The products and services included in the Solutions Library (alpha) are publicly promoted as solutions that are accessible and appropriate for those living in poverty. Poverty can be defined economically as those living below a certain income threshold, typically less than 1.25 or 2 USD a day (at 2005 Purchasing Price Parity). We follow the qualitative definition of the UN, which describes poverty in broader terms as a “lack of income and productive resources to ensure sustainable livelihoods; hunger and malnutrition; ill health; limited or lack of access to education and other basic services; increased morbidity and mortality from illness, homelessness and inadequate housing; unsafe environments and social discrimination and exclusion.
Additionally, the products included in the Solutions Library:
Represent various market maturity stages (demonstrated via ‘distribution to date’)
Represent a variety of intended users:
Individual Household solutions
Monitoring and Evaluation Technologies
• Governed by various technology protection frameworks (Open-source → IP Protected)
Product inclusion in the Solutions Library in no way constitutes E4C's endorsement.
What is the criteria and process for product inclusion?
To be included in the Solutions Library, E4C must be able to source sufficient information in the following data categories:
Distribution to date
User provision model
Performance & testing
Operation & maintenance
Research & standards
Information sourcing methods include literature review, web sourcing and interviews with designers/manufacturers of products. The product report and associated comparison data will be reviewed for technical and development reliability by an Expert Advisor.
E4C is grateful for the support of the Solutions Library Steering Committee:
Anand Shah (CEO, Savajal)
Andy Lieberman (Director of New Programs, Global Social Benefit Institute, Santa Clara University)
Chris Bull (Sr. Research Engineer, Sr. Lecturer, Brown University)
Christopher Baker Brian (Partner, Director of Research & Technology, BBOXX, IEEE Humanitarian Technology Committee)
Evan Thomas (Asst. Professor and Director SWEETLab, Portland State U., COO, DelAgua)
Jen Burney (Fellow, Stanford University, Center on Food Security and the Environment)
Neil Noble (Practical Answers Coordinator, Practical Action)
Pieter Verhagen (General Manager, Center for Global Prosperity)
The products in the Solutions Library have been reviewed by E4C’s trusted network of Expert Advisors (listed below). We are grateful to all the thought leaders who participated. Additionally, we would like to acknowledge the design guidance provided by Timothy Whitehead, on behalf of Loughborough University.